What skills do we have to maintain our physical health?

About this Guide

This Second Level guide will help you to create activities around the wellbeing indicator of Healthy using the Physical Education, Physical Activity and Sport section of the Health and Wellbeing curriculum.

Suggested HWB Experiences & Outcomes

HWB 2-15a

I am developing my understanding of the human body and can use this knowledge to maintain and improve my wellbeing and health.

HWB 2-27a

I can explain why I need to be active on a daily basis to maintain health and try to achieve a good balance of sleep, rest and physical activity.

HWB 2-38a

I understand the effect that a range of substances including tobacco and alcohol can have on the body.

Suggested Learning Intentions

  • To consolidate understanding around the positive relationship between health and activity.
  • To understand the importance of having a balance of physical activity, rest and sleep to maintain good health.
  • To raise awareness of effects different substances have on the body.

Suggested Success Criteria (I Can…)

HWB 2-15a

Compare and contrast different factors that influence my participation in daily activity eg, rest and sleep.

HWB 2-27a

Explain how I can achieve a good balance of daily physical activity, rest and sleep

HWB 2-38a

Predict what will happen to my fitness levels if I take a substance that effects my body e.g. smoking on my lungs.

Suggested Learning Experiences

Large space

  • Children design a fitness circuit to measure their heart rate and how quickly they can return to normal breathing.Children record their scores as they go round the circuit. Discuss the implications of their scores once they have had time to investigate the impact of smoking on their lungs.

Small Space

  • Brainstorm as many reasons as possible on the benefits and barriers to taking part in daily exercise and physical activity.
  • Plan a simple training programme that they could teach to peers and explain the short and long term benefits it would have on the body. This should include amount of time spent exercising, healthier food choices and should allow for adequate periods of rest and sleep.
  • Discuss how children can become more involved in physical activities eg, lunchtime clubs / active playground programme / active travel.
  • Brainstorm clubs / activities available in the area. Investigate the kinds of activities children would like to have in their area? Are they achievable, realistic? Consider the benefits / barriers to achieving this.
  • Discuss how they feel if they do not have enough sleep – categorise this into physical, emotional and behavioural effects.
    Physical – weak, tired, pale, nausea, headaches
    Emotional – irritable, angry
    Behavioural – unable to concentrate, difficult to function, careless, poor dexterity, clumsy, daydreaming etc.
  • Investigate the recommended hours of sleep children their age should have and analyse if they are achieving this. If not, why not? Consider how they could try to achieve the recommended amount of sleep.

Suggested Cross-Curricular Links

TCH 2-04bLIT 2-28a

Make a leaflet informing people about the importance of getting a balance of physical activity, sleep and relaxation.

MNU 2-20b

Carry out a class / school survey of the different kinds of physical activities children like to take part in. .

MNU 2-01a

Estimate then calculate the average number of hours they spend sleeping over a week in the form of a ‘sleep diary’ and compare this to the recommended number of hours as well as their peers.

Suggested Word Bank

  • Fun
  •  Happy
  •  Excited
  •  Tire
  •  Sweaty
  •  Heart
  •  Faster
  •  Slower
  •  Hot
  •  Lungs
  •  Breathing
  •  Steady
  •  Body
  •  Exercise
  •  Rest
  •  Sleep
  •  Maintain
  •  Effect
  •  Record
  •  Monitor
  •  Progress
  •  Pulse
  •  Physical Activity
  •  Healthy
  •  Rest
  •  Sleep
  •  Cool Down
  •  Body
  •  Recuperate
  •  Alert
  •  Energy
  •  Relax
  •  Wellbeing