What skills do we have to keep us healthy?

About this Guide

This Second Level guide will help you to create activities around the wellbeing indicator of Healthy using the Healthy Lifestyles section of the Health and Wellbeing curriculum. Healthy Lifestyles combines the experiences and outcomes used in PSE benchmarks.

Suggested HWB Experiences & Outcomes

HWB 2-40a

I know that alcohol and drugs can affect people’s ability to make decisions.

HWB 2-43a

I understand the impact that misuse of substances can have on individuals, their families and friends.

HWB 2-47a

I recognise that how my body changes can affect how I feel about myself and how I may behave.

HWB 2-50a

I am able to describe how human life begins and how a baby is born.

This is a sensitive aspect of learning and parents/guardians will need to be informed of this before teaching it.

Suggested Learning Intentions

  • To begin to develop an understanding of the effects drugs and alcohol have on the human body.
  • To understand the incredible sequence of events that need to happen in order to create a human life.
  • Prepare for the emotional changes that take place during puberty.

Suggested Success Criteria (I Can…)


Demonstrate how drugs can affect my ability to make clear choices.


Explain the impact of risk taking behaviours on life choices and relationships.

HWB 2-47a

Identify positive things about my own body image and appearance.

HWB 2-50a

Describe the events that need to happen to create human life.

Suggested Learning Experiences

  • List different ways that children already know about the effects that drugs and especially alcohol can have on someone’s capacity to make good judgements. Working in groups, practise completing simple tasks wearing the beer goggles (available from Law House Library) e.g. playing a simple computer game, pouring a glass of water, walking in a straight line, catching a ball.
  • Watch some of the videos from Choices for Life website. Discuss the impact that these issues have had on the families of the young people involved. Role play different aspects from these videos, encouraging the children to take on different roles so they can begin to understand the issues from different perspectives.
  • Investigate the cost of dental treatment after the age of 18 when it stops being free on the NHS.
  • Research the impact that poor dental health has on mental and physical wellbeing eg confidence, social skills, bad breath, physical discomfort, attractiveness.
  • Debate the issues surrounding the trend towards veneers. Is having straight white teeth a sign of social status?
  • Contrast and compare the life cycles of different animals they already know.
  • Watch a short film clip from BBC Bite size called Human fertilization featuring Dr Michael Moseley. Encourage the children to take notes as they watch. Discuss some of the facts they have learned.
  • Ask it Basket have one available to allow children to ask questions out with the class group.
  • Encourage children to recap on what they have already learned using a body board (available from Law House Library) to work out where this action takes place within the human female body. Layout the gym equipment to represent the journey that human sperm must undertake to reach the egg e.g. the parachute becomes the egg, mats and box tops create the journey through the cervix. Children reconstruct that journey by being the sperm wearing an X or Y to represent the gene component of boys or girls.
  • Pledge your support and help create a tobacco-free Scotland

Suggested Cross-Curricular Links

TCH 2-04b

Create  powerpoints to illustrate their knowledge of the information being covered in one of these topics.

Suggested Word Bank

  • Word
  • Reproduction
  •  Fertilization
  •  Puberty
  •  Sperm
  •  Vagina
  •  Penis
  •  Testicles
  •  Cervix
  •  Foetus
  •  Womb
  •  Umbilical Cord
  •  Embryo
  •  Uterus
  •  Ovum
  •  Fallopian Tubes