Relationships

About this Guide

This resource is designed to support practitioners deliver appropriate PSE in conjunction with their learners in light of the Scottish Government PSE Review (2019). You may with to look at the information about cocreation in the activity section, along with the associated benchmarks, to support your learners build on their existing knowledge and understanding of this topic. This suggested Relationships content will support practitioner work with their learners to develop the curriculum to suit their local context and meet the relevant age and stage of development for children and young people with regard to Relationships, Sexual Health & Parenthood.

Suggested Experiences & Outcomes

Mental & Emotional Wellbeing

HWB 3-02a

I know that we all experience a variety of thoughts and emotions that affect how we feel and behave and I am learning ways of managing them.

HWB 3-03a

I understand that there are people I can talk to and that there are a number of ways in which I can gain access to practical and emotional support to help me and others in a range of circumstances.

HWB 3-04a

I understand that my feelings and reactions can change depending upon what is happening within and around me. This helps me to understand my own behaviour and the way others behave.

HWB 3-05a

I know that friendship, caring, sharing, fairness, equality and love are important in building positive relationships. As I develop and value relationships, I care and show respect for myself and others.

HWB 3-07a

I am learning skills and strategies which will support me in challenging times, particularly in relation to change and loss.

HWB 3-08a

I understand that people can feel alone and can be misunderstood and left out by others. I am learning how to give appropriate support.

Social Wellbeing

HWB 3-10a

I recognise that each individual has a unique blend of abilities and needs. I contribute to making my school community one which values individuals equally and is a welcoming place for all.

Physical Wellbeing

HWB 3-15a

I am developing my understanding of the human body and can use this knowledge to maintain and improve my wellbeing and health.

HWB 3-16a

I am learning to assess and manage risk, to protect myself and others, and to reduce the potential for harm when possible.

HWB 3-17a

I know and can demonstrate how to keep myself and others safe and how to respond in a range of emergency situations.

Relationships, Sexual Health & Parenthood

HWB 3-44b

I understand and can demonstrate the qualities and skills required to sustain different types of relationships.

HWB 3-44c

I understand and can explain the importance of, and need for, commitment, trust and respect in loving and sexual relationships. I understand the different contexts of such relationships including marriage.

HWB 3-45b

I am aware of the need to respect personal space and boundaries and can recognise and respond appropriately to verbal and non-verbal communication.

HWB 3-46a

I reflect on how my attitudes, beliefs, values and morality can influence my decisions about friendships, relationships and sexual behaviour.

HWB 3-51a

I can explain the importance and the enduring and complex responsibility of being a parent/carer, and the impact on life choices and options.

HWB 3-51b

I can explain the support and care necessary to ensure a child is nurtured through the different stages of childhood.

Associated Benchmarks

  • Explains why commitment, trust and respect are central to being cared for and caring for others.
  • Demonstrates respect and understanding of the diversity of loving and sexual relationships, for example, LGBTI relationships, marriage, living together, co-parenting
  • Explains the impact an imbalance of power can have on relationships, including sexual relationships, for example, consent, coercion, responsibility for actions and decisions.
  • Describes how positive and negative feelings about body image can affect health, self-worth and behaviour, for example, confidence, self-harm, eating disorders.
  • Recognises the impact of puberty and developing sexuality.
  • Identifies and explains influence/impact of media, including social media and pornography on self-esteem and decision making.
  • Demonstrates the skills needed to challenge stereotypical images in the media, including social media, for example, confidence, judgement.
  • Identifies and demonstrates the skills required to make positive choices in challenging situations, for example, assertiveness, empathy.
  • Identifies negotiation skills required to have safe and enjoyable sex, for example, knowing when the time is right, mutual responsibility to prevent unintended pregnancy,
  • use of contraceptives, confidence to refuse unwanted sexual contact.
  • Knows how to access confidential information, guidance and help.
  • Gives examples of laws in relation to sexual health, for example, age of consent, right to confidentiality, consent, coercion, grooming.
  • Identifies how to take action in a situation involving abusive or inappropriate sexual behaviour, for example, ending unhealthy relationships, local support, police.

Suggested Learning Intentions

  • to learn what stereotypes are and how they impact on us as individuals
  • to develop an understanding of conscious/unconscious bias/stereotyping and the impact of these expectations
  • to investigate how stereotypes may have an impact on their view of themselves/others/school/wider community etc.

Suggested Success Criteria (I Can…)

  • explain and discuss different examples of stereotypes
  • discuss the impact that stereotypes can have on individuals and the wider community
  • identify ways to challenge and address stereotypes

Suggested Learning Experiences

These suggested activities/tasks are for group work within a classroom and target holistic/generic/universal needs of learners. You should select activities/tasks that are most relevant to the needs of your learners and school community. Please use your professional judgement as to how best to deliver these types of activities/tasks sensitively/appropriately with your learners and which other staff may also be able to provide support/differentiation to meet their needs.

What do we know?

This information in this resource may be useful in your context to discuss what young people already know and are aware of in relation to stereotypes and gender expectations. These tasks and activities from the National RSHP resource could be used to explore Stereotypes and equality. What do learners understand about these terms?

What do we need to know?

This information from the National RSHP resource and NHS Library Resources may be useful in providing a context for activities and tasks appropriate to your learner needs: How my body changes as I grow, Age of consent, Waiting for sex, What does consent mean in a relationship?, Sex and Relationships. Support learners develop their understanding of consent and healthy relationships.

What’s happening here/locally? What could we do next?

What local issues do we have? What Stereotypes/unconscious/conscious bias have we identified? What can we do to address these issues?