About this Guide

This resource is designed to support practitioners deliver appropriate PSE in conjunction with their learners in light of the Scottish Government PSE Review (2019). You may with to look at the information about cocreation in the activity section, along with the associated benchmarks, to support your learners build on their existing knowledge and understanding of this topic. This suggested Paracetamol content will support practitioner work with their learners to develop the curriculum to suit their local context and meet the relevant age and stage of development for children and young people with regard to Substance Misuse.

Suggested Experiences & Outcomes

Mental & Emotional Wellbeing

HWB 3-03a

I understand that there are people I can talk to and that there are a number of ways in which I can gain access to practical and emotional support to help me and others in a range of circumstances.

HWB 3-04a

I understand that my feelings and reactions can change depending upon what is happening within and around me. This helps me to understand my own behaviour and the way others behave.

Physical Wellbeing

HWB 3-15a

I am developing my understanding of the human body and can use this knowledge to maintain and improve my wellbeing and health.

HWB 3-16a

I am learning to assess and manage risk, to protect myself and others, and to reduce the potential for harm when possible.

HWB 3-17a

I know and can demonstrate how to keep myself and others safe and how to respond in a range of emergency situations.

Health & Wellbeing

HWB 3-38a

I understand the positive effects that some substances can have on the mind and body but I am also aware of the negative and serious physical, mental, emotional, social and legal consequences of the misuse of substances.

HWB 3-39a

I know that popular culture, the media and peer groups as well as my own attitudes and values can influence how I feel about substance use and recognise the impact this may have on my actions.

HWB 3-40a

I am developing a range of skills which can support decision making about substance use. I can demonstrate strategies for making informed choices to maintain and improve my health and wellbeing and can apply these in situations that may be stressful or challenging, or involve peer pressure.

HWB 3-40b

I know how to access information and support for substance-related issues.

HWB 3-41a

After assessing options and the consequences of my decisions, I can identify safe and unsafe behaviours and actions.

HWB 3-41b

I know that the use of alcohol and drugs can affect behaviour and the decisions that people make about relationships and sexual health.

HWB 3-42a

I know the action I should take in the management of incidents and emergencies related to substance misuse.

HWB 3-43a

I understand the impact that ongoing misuse of substances can have on a person’s health, future life choices and options.

HWB 3-43b

Through investigating substance misuse in my local community I can reflect on specific issues, and discuss how they are being addressed.

Associated Benchmarks

  • Explains the benefits of substances in supporting good health, for example, prescribed medication. Gives examples of current laws and advice in relation to substance use, for example, units of alcohol, tobacco sales.
  • Explains how media and peer pressure might affect own attitudes and behaviour.
  • Identifies and selects the skills / qualities required to make positive choices in challenging situations, for example, confidence, resilience, assertiveness. Gives examples of positive coping strategies when dealing with stressful and challenging situations, for example, walk away, talk to friend / adult, physical activity.
  • Knows how to access local support services.
  • Weighs up risk and identifies potential safe and unsafe behaviours and actions, for example, the impact of gambling.
  • Explains how substance misuse can affect judgement and impair ability to make responsible decisions, for example, unwanted sexual experiences.
  • Know actions to be taken in an emergency relating to substance misuse.
  • Identifies potential impact of short and long term substance use.
  • Identifies local substance misuse issues and how they are being addressed.

Suggested Learning Intentions

  • to learn how to assess and manage risk to make informed choices
  • to develop understanding of the impact of substances on the mind and body
  • to investigate substance mis/use in the local environment

Suggested Success Criteria (I Can…)

  • explain and discuss the impact of substance misuse on health and wellbeing
  • discuss and demonstrate strategies I could use to make informed choices in stressful/challenging situations
  • identify my feelings and explain how these can affect my behaviour

Suggested Learning Experiences

These suggested activities/tasks are for group work within a classroom and target holistic/generic/universal needs of learners. You should select activities/tasks that are most relevant to the needs of your learners and school community. Please use your professional judgement as to how best to deliver these types of activities/tasks sensitively/appropriately with your learners and which other staff may also be able to provide support/differentiation to meet their needs.

What do we know?

Teacher can facilitate discuss with learners about what they already know about substance misuse [in general & link to previous topics] Discuss the different information – general, short/long term effects on the body etc. where has this come from? How do we know it is reliable/true? Teacher can facilitate discussion about what learners know about the prescription/over-the-counter medications. What do they know? How have they found out? This discussion may include – what learners think about items they have in the home such as paracetamol/Neuofren/Anadin etc. How dangerous are these? How do you know? Have you ever read the information that is on/in these packs? How does this compare to prescription medication?

What do we need to know?

What is the guidance for paracetamol use in children? Discuss the difference between prescribed medication and over-the-counter medication – how do you access these types of medication? What’s the difference between them? For example, written script from the doctor/hospital, can they be used by someone else? etc. What is the same? For example, guidance on what’s in the medicine/how to take/when to take/possible side effects/reactions etc. What would you do if you take too much of the medication or forget to take it? For example, read leaflet/consult doctor/pharmacist etc. Why might people take too much of a medicine such as paracetamol? What might happen if you take more than the recommended dose of paracetamol tablets? What is the advice around paracetamol overdose? Discuss why learners think people may deliberately take too many paracetamol tablets. What else could be an issue here what are the cost implications of paracetamol misuse? [link to topics addressed in MESP – such as Keeping yourself healthy, Mental Health Awareness, information in NHS Library Resources and External Links]

What’s happening here/locally? What could we do next?

Learners could discuss/explore/examine: What local issues do we have related to misuse of prescription/over-the-counter medication? What support services are in this area – use the links below to national/local groups and organisations that deal with this topic. Discuss why you might use a support service.